PENADE BERNAL
PENADE BERNAL

Sian Kaʼan Biosphere Reserve

Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

Northern Mexico

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Central Mexico

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Southern Mexico

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Varios Estados

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Sian Kaʼan Biosphere Reserve

Monasterios de Morelos

Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

Northern Mexico

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Central Mexico

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Southern Mexico

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Varios Estados

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A UNESCO World Heritage site since 2009.

The places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimeca are a cultural ensemble of traditions that are limited to a territory of Otomí-Chichimeca communities, delimited by the triangle of a semi-desert zone formed by the Zamorano hills, west axis; the Frontón, east axis; and the Peña del Vernal, southern axis. This includes the municipalities of Tolimán, Ezequiel Montes, Colón, and Cadereyta in the state of Querétaro.

This set of traditions is a testimony to the exceptional relationship of indigenous inhabitants with the surrounding topography and environment. Every year, the Otomí-Chichimeca gather for a pilgrimage to these sacred elevations, carrying miraculous crosses in order to ask for rain and divine protection, and to venerate their ancestors. This serves to exalt their identity and perpetuate the cultural traditions of the communities in this region.

However, this is not the only celebration. Throughout the year, other ceremonies and festivities take place, mostly related to water-centered rituals, which is understandable due to the dry climate of the central part of the country. The celebration of these rites usually takes place in private family chapels dedicated to the worship of ancestors, or is manifested through the erection of chimales—impressive temporary structures built with reeds and covered with wild plants—as offerings.

Art in the region is a vibrant expression of the connection between spiritual culture and physical space. This is expressed through religious images, mural paintings, dances, and music.

Bernal Magical Town

Peña de Bernal

Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territory.

A TOWN WITH STAGGERING BACKDROP, THE THIRD-LARGEST MONOLITH IN THE WORLD

 

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