PAISAJE AGAVERO 1
PAISAJE AGAVERO 1

Sian Kaʼan Biosphere Reserve

Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

Northern Mexico

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Central Mexico

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Southern Mexico

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Varios Estados

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Sian Kaʼan Biosphere Reserve

Monasterios de Morelos

Sanctuary of Jesús Nazareno de Atotonilco

Northern Mexico

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Central Mexico

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Southern Mexico

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Varios Estados

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A UNESCO World Heritage site since 2006.

Multiple locations:

  • Tequila and Amatitán Valley
  • Amatitán
  • Archaeological Site of Los Guachimontones in Teuchitlán.

 

This territory extends over 38,658 hectares, ranging from the foothills of the Tequila volcano to the deep valley of the Río Grande. The landscape has been shaped through centuries of blue agave cultivation, a tradition dating back to the 16th century, and is naturally complemented by the tequila distilleries from the 19th and 20th centuries located in the towns of Tequila, Arenal, and Amatitlán.

In addition to the agave fields and both active and abandoned distilleries, the inscription includes taverns, cities, and archaeological remains of the Teuchitlán culture, which dates back to 200-900 BC.

This archaeological site is also known as Guachimontones, a colloquial term used in the region to refer to "pyramid" or "structure." It is located approximately one hour west of Guadalajara.

The current site covers 20 hectares, although only a minimal part has been explored. It is estimated that during its heyday, it covered 24,000 hectares and was inhabited by around 40,000 people. The settlement is characterized by its unique architectural style: conical stepped basements surrounded by circular patios, two ball courts, an amphitheater, several terraces, and minor buildings. The basement where remains of a volador pole were found is particularly noteworthy. Similar poles are used by the Totonac people in the region of Puebla and Veracruz.

Within the main complex, there is a structure with multiple layers and four staircases at the cardinal points. Some scholars suggest that its floors are a reference to a calendar.

Regarding the ball game, several courts have been found around the Tequila volcano. The most monumental one, especially for its time, measures 111 meters in length and 24 meters in width, located in the heart of the archaeological site. There are four other identified courts, two in the heart of the ritual enclosures, while the others are in peripheral areas associated with residential units.

Agave Landscape and Ancient Industrial Facilities of Tequila

HERMOSOS PAISAJES AGAVEROS Y UNA TRADICIÓN RECONOCIDA POR TODO EL MUNDO

 

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